"The protection of journalistic sources, in Article 4 of the EMFA, (...) risks rather to be a step backwards."
1 / 9
"The EMFA provision does not guarantee the level of protection that all EU Member States should already respect [for] the protection of sources and that is because [they] are also a member of the European Convention on Human Rights."
2 / 9
"According to the European Court of Human Rights (...) the right of journalists to protect their sources, is very robustly protected: will the EMFA add something on top of what is already required?"
3 / 9
"The ideas are good to harmonise the protection of sources, because in some countries they haven't yet reached the level that is required by the European Convention on Human Rights."
4 / 9
"The EMFA does not guarantee an ex ante review, before the police, a public prosecutor or an intelligence service can (...) look into the sources of a journalist: (...) that is a very important procedural guarantee which is missing."
5 / 9
"The EMFA proposal [on the protection of sources] only opts for an opinion [by an independent authority or body] afterwards , and that is of course not strong enough as a guarantee."
6 / 9
"The EMFA's proposal on the protection of sources lacks important guarantees, such as proportionality and subsidiarity."
7 / 9
"The EMFA wants to protect journalists, but leaves the door wide open to install spyware."
8 / 9
"EMFA’s guarantees are not sufficient: the Commission and other institutions (...) need to make an effort to introduce more specific requirements to [harmonise] a good guarantee to protect sources in the EU."
9 / 9